Lions Badminton Coaching

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A.    Terminology

a.    Shot – the hitting, trajectory and destination of the shuttlecock

                                          i.    Clear – to hit the shuttle causing it to travel in a high arc to the back

                                         ii.    Lift – an underarm clear

                                        iii.    Flick – a deceptive lift shot executed with a flick of the wrist

                                        iv.    Lob – an overhead clear

                                         v.    Shooting lob / deceptive clear – a fast low arcing deceptive lob

                                        vi.    Drop shot – an overhead shot that lands the shuttle gently over the net before the short service line

                                       vii.    Chop / Slice – a sideway hitting of the shuttle that causes it to spin sideways and land nearer

                                      viii.    Smash / kill – a fast and powerful overhead shot that often ends the rally

                                        ix.    Tap / Net kill – a killing shot executed very near the net

                                         x.    Net shot – a shot executed near the net returning the shuttle closely over the net, possibly even spinning or tumbling over the net tape.

                                        xi.    Block – a defensive shot that greatly reduces the speed of the return shot

                                       xii.    Drive – a powerful flat attacking or counter-attacking shot executed from the mid to back court that travels closely over the top of the net

                                      xiii.    Push – a fast flat shot executed near the net aimed to the back court

b.    Stroke – a movement of the player’s racket with an intention to hit the shuttle

                                          i.    Underarm – shuttle taken below shoulder level

                                         ii.    Overhead – shuttle taken above shoulder level

                                        iii.    Forehand – shuttle taken on the right side of a right-handed player or the left side of a left-handed player

                                        iv.    Backhand – shuttle taken on the left side of a right-handed player or the right side of a left-handed player

c.    Movement – the footwork to get into position to execute the shot

      Movement cycle (4 phases: Start, Approach, Hitting, Recovery)

                                          i.    Side step – a step taken to the side when the body is facing forward

                                         ii.    Lunge – the final stretching step taken with the racket leg (right foot for the right-handed player or the left foot for the left-handed player)

                                        iii.    Shuffle/Chasse/Sashay – a series of side steps with one foot always leading without crossing each other

                                        iv.    Split step – a mini hop done to widen the base and bend the knee to give the player a more powerful start from the stationary position

                                         v.    Scissor kick – a kicking scissor-like leg movement often done during an around the head shot on the backhand side of the court to land the feet stably and allow easier forward movement upon landing. Before the jump, the racket leg is behind. Then legs are switched during the jump and the racket leg lands in front.

d.    Court

                                          i.    Short service line

                                         ii.    Long service line / back boundary line / baseline

                                        iii.    Centre line - separates the left and right service courts

                                        iv.    Singles side line

                                         v.    Doubles side line

                                        vi.    Near side court – the court of the player nearest to you

                                       vii.    Far side court – the opposite player's court

                                      viii.    Left service court

                                        ix.    Right service court

                                         x.    Post – where the net is tied to and stretched firmly across

                                        xi.    Net

1.     Net tape – the white tape at the top of the net

2.     Net cord or cable – the rope to tie the net to the post

3.     Net mesh – the area of the net below the net tape

                                       xii.    Serving side

                                      xiii.    Receiving side

B.    Techniques

a.    Racket leg lunge

b.    Scissor kick for overhead backhand

c.    Split step to kick off the movement

d.    Body and arm rotation during overhead stroke

e.    Arm bending and straightening during underarm stroke

f.     Racket arm posture for attack and defense

g.    Racket grip positions and racket facing for various strokes

                                          i.    Basic grip – used when the shuttle is level with you on the forehand side (racket is held to create a v-shape between the thumb and forefinger with the bottom of the v slightly towards the front of the racket handle)

                                         ii.    Panhandle grip – used in front of you on the forehand side (bottom of the v has moved towards the back of the racket handle)

                                        iii.    Unnamed grip – used to strike a shuttle behind you on the forehand side (the bottom of the v is moved even further to the front of the racket handle than the basic grip)

                                        iv.    Corner grip or basic grip can be used – when shuttle is level on the backhand side. Corner grip has the thumb along the side of the grip.

                                         v.    Thumb grip – when shuttle is in front of you on the backhand side

                                        vi.    Panhandle grip – used when shuttle is behind you on the backhand side

                                       vii.    Long grip used when power and reach are required

                                      viii.    Short grip used when precision and manoeuverability are required

h.    Spinning net shots

i.     Crosscourt net shots

j.     Net kills

k.    Footwork

C.    Training

a.    Picking and placing shuttle across the court

b.    Shadow drills

c.    Half-court stationary and front-back shots

d.    Crosscourt stationary and front-back shots

e.    Side-to-side three point shots

f.     Feeding to improve accuracy

g.    Rally to pass minimum number of shots

h.    Physical training for speed, endurance and power (arms, body, legs)

D.    Tactics

a.    Service

b.    Service receive

c.    Service return

d.    Doubles formation: square and front-back

e.    Moving your opponents

Badminton Body of Knowledge (BBOK)